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West African Fufu

Last updated on November 10th, 2021 at 09:45 pm

Fufu (or foofoo or foufou) is possibly one the most famous west African ”swallow” foods. It is a filling side dish – starchy, smooth, dense, and stretchy that is much beloved because it is delicious, simple, satisfying, and easy to prepare.


Fufu is easy to make, yet so delicious. It is not eaten alone, and it is served with a form of rich and flavorful soup or stew such as egusi soup, okra soup, ewedu soup (Jute leaves), or light soup.

It is the perfect accompaniment to soups/stews and proteins because it is easy to swallow and doesn’t require chewing, so it is a food that all ages can enjoy together.


Foofoo is made from cassava, which is also known as yuca. It is a starchy root vegetable, similar to sweet potatoes, russet potatoes, and yams. It can be fried, baked, and prepared just like potatoes; however, it becomes very smooth, doughy, and elastic when made into fufu.

Though traditionally made from cassava, fufu’s definition has expanded over the years to include a variety of swallow foods, such as eba, green plantains, amala, cocoyam, corn, pounded yam, semolina, and much more.

Well plated fufu - Foo foo served with egusi soup in a plate


  • Peel the skin of the cassava with a potato peeler or a knife.
  • Cut the peeled tuber into small cubes that can easily be processed in a blender. 
  • Blend till a nice and smooth batter is formed.
  • Transfer it to a pot and stir vigorously until the fufu is thick and smooth, like a semi-solid paste. 

…So what next?

Once the foofoo is ready, shape it into small balls, and wrap the balls individually in plastic wraps. This allows the fufu to retain its moisture and prevent it from forming a crust. 


Pinch off a little bit of the foufou and mold it into a small oval ball with your palms. Make a small indentation in the fufu and use this indentation to scoop up some of the soup or stew, then swallow. Yes, I said swallow – no chewing! The ”chewing instinct” might set in, but with practice, the art of swallowing fufu can be mastered!

Washing of hands before eating any swallow food is like a rite. As long as the hand-washing ritual is observed, then cutlery is not needed.

Traditionally, Nigerians eat only with their right hand, so if you have been invited to the home of a Nigerian friend or are eating at a traditional Nigerian restaurant, please remember to eat only with your right hand, even if you are personally left-handed.

A morsel of fufu with egusi soup


Swallow foods are pliable yet firm doughy meals, similar to America’s mashed potatoes but with more texture. Nigerian examples include pounded yam, eba, amala, starch, fufu, and many more.  The pliable texture makes it easy to eat with your hand (right hand only, please) and to swallow without chewing.

To eat fufu, cut out a morsel from the meal,  then form an indentation on it with the thumb and scoop some stew or soup over it and swallow!


Fufu is usually served in relatively small balls and wrapped in plastic wraps to retain its moisture. It is often paired with various delicious soups and stews like Egusi, Ogbono, Vegetable, peanut soup, and Okro soup, with each person having their preference. 

FUFU WITH PLANTAINS? Do you have to add plantains?

The simple answer is no. The fufu will also turn out nice if it is made without plantains. but this is the way I love to eat fufu. For this recipe, I used a mixture of cassava and plantains. The plantains help cut down the stretchiness of the fufu and add a hint of plantain flavor. You can make this recipe just with cassava, too – same ingredients, same instructions, just leave out the plantains.


Foofoo will only have a deep fermented smell if the cassava is left to ferment before making it into fufu. If otherwise, you will experience a very mild smell like mashed potatoes without the butter :).


Yes, fufu can be reheated in a microwave. Simply unwrap any leftover balls and put them in a microwave-safe bowl. Just as you would with rice, add a splash of water, then microwave till heated through—about 5 minutes. Use a wooden stirrer to stir until it becomes nice and smooth.


Foufou provides a significant amount of carbs, some fats, and a bit of protein. It also provides fiber, vitamins, and minerals like:

  • Choline: Nerve and brain function
  • Potassium: Heart, kidney, and muscle function
  • Beta carotene: Anti oxidant


It’s hard to describe but it has a very mild taste. I will say it’s a cross between potatoes and sweet potatoes.


I’m not a fan of fermented fufu, but some people love it. It’s just one additional step, but you’ll have to start preparing it a few days in advance. Before you make the fufu, simply soak the peeled and diced cassava in water for three to five days. That’s it! Every other step remains the same. It will have a stronger smell than its usual mild starchy aroma, though, because of the fermentation.

Note that fufu hardens up as it cools down, so it’s advisable to cook it on the softer side especially if you are not eating it immediately.

What to serve with Fufu:

Other African Swallow foods that you might also enjoy:

Fufu moulded into balls and served in a plate


Fufu – A filling side dish, simple and satisfying and easy to prep. The perfect accompaniment to soups/stews and protein.
4.88 from 8 votes
Print Pin Rate
Course: Main/Side
Cuisine: African
Keyword: easy
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 15 minutes
Servings: 4 People
Calories: 218kcal


  • 1 Yuca root cassava
  • 1 plantain Green
  • ¼ cup water



  • Peel the cassava, slide the tuber in half lengthwise and remove the inner wooden core and dice the potatoes into small cubes.
  • Peel the plantain and cut it into small cubes
  • Add everything inside the blender and blend till a smooth batter is formed.

Stovetop method

  • Pour the batter into a pot, place on the stovetop over medium heat and begin stirring until a thick, paste-like doughy fufu is formed.
  • Add a splash of water, cover, and leave to cook for 5 minutes on low to medium. If you feel the fufu is not yet cooked, feel free to cook a little longer. Stir well.
  • Divide the fufu into individual sizes and wrap each with plastic wrap.
  • Serve with your desired soup or stew.

Microwave method

  • Pour the batter inside a safe microwave bowl, cover with a microwave-safe lid. Place in the microwave for 5 minutes.
  • stir well until smooth
  • Add a splash of water and return inside the microwave to cook till fully done—about 5 to 8 minutes.
  • Stir again, divide into individual sizes and wrap each with plastic wrap.
  • Serve with your desired soup or stew.



Note that fufu hardens up as it cools down, so it’s advisable to cook it on the softer side especially if you are not eating it immediately.


Calories: 218kcal | Carbohydrates: 53g | Protein: 2g | Fat: 1g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Sodium: 17mg | Potassium: 500mg | Fiber: 3g | Sugar: 8g | Vitamin A: 518IU | Vitamin C: 29mg | Calcium: 18mg | Iron: 1mg

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Recipe Rating


Tuesday 30th of November 2021

Hey everyone—Scroll way down until you see a “recipe card” and this gives the full instructions about cooking over medium low heat. (This is the recipe where she uses both plantains and cassava.) Lola, I’m so grateful for this recipe! Thank you :)


Tuesday 9th of November 2021

The instructions were very limited. Not sure if there is only one ingredient, and what degree of heat to put your stove top on. Do we add oil, butter, nothing?? Confused

Lola Osinkolu

Wednesday 10th of November 2021

The recipe is complete Dee. You only need cassava and water. No oil, no butter. Also, the recipe has been adjusted to reflect the heat level of the stove. I hope that helps?

Born Aamir Taqee Mayo

Friday 17th of September 2021

Do i put the batter in a dry low medium heat pot or do i add a bit of oil or butter?

Lola Osinkolu

Thursday 4th of November 2021

Apologies for the late response, I somehow did not see this question up until now. You don't need oil or butter not even salt. 😊


Tuesday 27th of July 2021

hey there's an editor's note in your post (the part about washing hands before eating fufu)

Maria F

Thursday 6th of May 2021

Hello, thanks for the info. I am not very familiar with yuca so can you explain to me what this means? “slide the tuber in half lengthwise and remove the inner wooden core” is tuber meaning the yuca?

Lola Osinkolu

Monday 10th of May 2021

Hello Maria, yes, yuca is a root tuber. When I say tuber, I mean Yuca.