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Jollof Rice

Jollof Rice: I can’t think of a more popular West African dish than Jollof rice. It’s popular for good reason — it is delicious!

Jollof Rice with roasted chicken garnished with bay leaves and red onion

Jollof Rice Recipe

There are hundreds of different dishes in the world, but there is only a handful that has enough flavor for me to eat alone. A bowl of Jollof rice is one of those dishes. You know, the kind where you can taste the spoon or fork after you’re done with the food? I mean, you’d want to lick it clean. Jollof is deliciously addictive.

Jollof rice is a staple in West African cuisine. It’s made from rice, tomatoes, onions, peppers, and other seasonings. The dish is cooked in one pot. It’s simple and easy to make at home—and the end result is absolutely delicious!

Jollof that national dish we all love It's smothered in a rich tomato sauce, laced with spices and garnished with green onions.

What is Jollof rice?

For those of you who aren’t familiar with Jollof Rice (Jellof rice) —it is a rich and incredibly rich, aromatic, tasty West African one-pot Meal. It’s similar to Jambalaya but with distinctive African spices. It consists mainly of cooked rice and tomato stew flavored with spices such as thyme, scotch bonnet pepper, onions, and garlic.

The dish is a staple of West African cuisine, particularly that of Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, and Gambia often eaten and enjoyed during holidays, weddings, birthdays, and other special events.

It is a very versatile dish, and it is usually made from scratch using rice, tomatoes, pimento peppers, tomato paste, scotch bonnet, onions, salt, and other spices.

Geographical range and variants

Jollof rice is a delicious royal dish originating in West Africa. It is one of the most common West African dishes eaten in the regions of Nigeria, Ghana, Togo, Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Cameroun, and Liberia. Although it is believed to have originated from the Wolof people in northwestern Senegal.

The recipe varies from country to country, region to region of the continent, but it always starts with a tomato base.

Versatile!

This recipe for jollof rice can be customized in many ways to suit your tastes and preferences, you could add any of your favorite vegetables (diced carrots, green beans, sweet peas, or sweet corn). It can be enjoyed with chicken, beef, lamb meat, goat meat, or fish. I love pairing mine with some fried Plantains, coleslaw, and baked chicken!

Ingredients

The ingredients required for making jollof rice are pretty basic. You probably already have them in your kitchen.

  • The main ingredient in jollof rice is, of course, rice. I used long-grain parboiled rice for this recipe, but you can also use basmati. I have a recipe for that here – (basmati Jollof with beef).
  • Next up are the canned tomato, fresh tomatoes, bell peppers, scotch bonnet, onions, garlic, and ginger—each of which adds a unique flavor and texture to your dish!
  • You’ll also need oil for frying your sauce—any kind of vegetable oil will do.
  • Stock—Chicken, beef, or vegetable stock are great choices here for adding depth of flavor.
  • And lastly, there’s the seasoning and herbs—curry powder, salt, black/white pepper, bouillon powder, thyme, and bay leaves.

How To Cook Jollof Rice

When cooking Jellof rice, building a flavor base is very important. Don’t be in haste to dump your ingredients in the pot otherwise, you will end up with what we call a ”concoction.” Each step counts, so try to do each of the steps in detail.

  • The inevitable foundation for building up the flavor in this meal is to start by sauteeing the Onions. This should take about 3 to 5 minutes. The next thing is to stir in the tomato paste. This adds a deep and rich tomato flavor; I simply fry this for another 5 minutes or thereabout.
  • Add the ginger and garlic and cook along with the tomato paste for another two minutes; Actually, by the time this is ready, you will notice it in the smell. If you keep it cooking any longer, you might risk burning them.
  • Add the blended peppers. Usually, there is no particular time frame for frying this pepper. I often stop when the sauce becomes really thick, and the oil literally floats on top of the sauce. At this point, most of the water is gone, and the sauce no longer smells raw. Trust me, you will know, but just in case you are still in doubt, I would say maybe 15 to 20 minutes depending on the quantity of water in your blended pepper.
  • Finally, in building my flavor, I add the thyme, curry powder, salt, white pepper (good but optional), and seasoning cubes. Adjust the seasoning at this point if there is a need to.
  • Once the flavor is on point, then, I stir in the Rice. Make sure you stir the rice properly until you cover each grain of rice with the sauce.
  • Now add the chicken stock. Give it a brief stir and cover it up with a tight-fitting lid. If your lid is not fitting enough, simply cover the rice with foil paper before covering it with the lid. This is because Jollof needs a lot of steam in order to turn out well.
  • Once the rice comes to a boil, reduce the heat to medium-low immediately and continue to cook until the rice is done, about 20 to 30 minutes.
  • Serve with Fried Chicken, Spicy Grilled Chicken, Grilled Tilapia Fish, or Gizzards and plantains.
A bowl of Jellof rice and it's absolutely delicious.

Nigerian Jollof Rice or Ghanaian Jollof Rice?

Who’s Jollof rice is better?

I don’t even want to go into the issue of the trending Jollof wars, especially between Nigeria and Ghana. All I know is that a good cook will make a good-tasting Jollof Rice. In my own opinion, I think it has to do with the cooking abilities of an individual and not a country. Let me know your opinion. 🙂

What type of rice is best for Jollof Rice?

Though quite a lot of rice types can be used to make Jollof rice. I have used the long grain parboiled rice for this recipe – This rice is soaked, steamed, and dried. Then the hull is removed to make parboiled rice. The steaming enables the rice to absorb nutrients and changes the starch so that it cooks into a firmer, less sticky dish of rice than regular white rice. I also have a beef jollof rice recipe that I prepared using basmati rice. You may want to check it out.

If living in the united states, I will recommend using the parboiled rice from the African store or Uncle Ben’s parboiled rice (converted brand). It doesn’t stick or clump up like most other rice brands. It cooks up grain for grain. Some stores like Walmart also carry a similar brand for a fraction of the price.

Wiki has a very good article on Jollof Rice that might interest you. I enjoyed reading it, you might as well. 🙂

How to serve Jollof Rice

We usually serve Jollof with Chicken, Turkey, Beef, Goat Meat,  Fish, or moi moi and sometimes with a side of fresh creamy Coleslaw or Nigerian salad. In west Africa, a party such as a wedding ceremony or a naming ceremony is not complete without this meal. It is a sure party pleaser.

My final thoughts on making a great Jollof Rice

I have another Jollof rice recipe that I made with beef and basmati rice. It’s party style! I took it a step further by roasting the bell peppers before blending and cooking to create the much-desired smoky taste. I’m sure you will love it!

If you are not a fan of this stovetop method, or you simply want to be adventurous, or perhaps you just like to vary the way you cook Jollof rice. Then, you can try it out. Oven-baked Jollof Rice. You can also check for more delicious Nigerian recipes here.

Other Rice recipes you might want to try:

Jollof Rice with roasted chicken garnished with bay leaves and red onion

Nigerian Jollof Rice

Jollof Rice is a rich and incredibly tasty west African one-pot Meal. This meal is one of the most common West African dishes. However, each of these countries has its variation of this meal.
4.70 from 120 votes
Print Pin Rate
Course: Lunch/Dinner
Cuisine: African
Keyword: homemade, jollof, jollof rice, rice
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 50 minutes
Total Time: 1 hour
Servings: 12 People
Calories: 541.8kcal
Author: Lola Osinkolu

Ingredients

For the sauce

  • 3 red bell pepper
  • 3 Plum tomatoes
  • 1 medium onion
  • 2 scotch bonnet/habanero use less if you don't like it spicy

For the Jollof

  • 1/2 cup oil
  • 1 medium onion sliced
  • 5 tablespoons tomato paste
  • 4 cloves garlic finely minced
  • 1 tablespoon ginger grated
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1 tablespoons thyme
  • 1 tablespoons curry Powder
  • 1 teaspoons salt or add to taste
  • white Pepper or black pepper to taste
  • 1 tablespoons chicken bouillon powder or 3 cubes
  • 4 cups long grain rice rinsed and drained
  • 4 cups chicken stock
  • 1 large tomato sliced
  • 1 medium onion sliced
  • 2 tablespoons butter at room temperature – optional

Instructions

  • First, make the tomato-based sauce by blending together the red bell peppers (pimento), tomatoes, onion, and scotch bonnet.
  • Heat the cooking oil in a large pan over medium heat, then add the diced onions and let them cook for about 3 minutes or until they are soft.
  • Next, add the tomato paste and fry for about 5 minutes. Then stir in garlic, ginger, and bay leaves—leave to cook for 2 more minutes.
  • Add the blended sauce and allow the pepper to cook until the water is reduced entirely and the oil is visible at its surface—about 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Season with thyme, curry powder, bouillon cubes, salt, and pepper to taste. Cook for another 2 to 5 minutes.
  • Add the rinsed rice to the sauce and stir until it is well coated with the sauce. Then add the chicken stock, stir briefly, cover with a tight-fitting lid, and bring to a quick boil over high heat.
  • Once it begins to boil—after about 3 to 5 minutes, reduce the heat immediately to low and steam until the rice is done—about 30 minutes.
  • Add the butter, sliced tomato, and onions, stir together briefly and turn off the heat. Cover it immediately so that the heat remaining in the rice can steam up the vegetables a little.
  • Serve with sweet fried plantains, roasted chicken, or salad.

Notes

  • Remove the bay leaves once the rice is done. However, if you can’t find it, don’t be tempted to dig through it since over-stirring will cause the rice to break. Just leave it and remove it whenever you find it.

Nutrition

Calories: 541.8kcal | Carbohydrates: 84.5g | Protein: 10g | Fat: 17.8g | Saturated Fat: 2.7g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 4.5g | Monounsaturated Fat: 10.1g | Trans Fat: 0.1g | Cholesterol: 7.5mg | Sodium: 484.3mg | Potassium: 447mg | Fiber: 3.2g | Sugar: 5.5g | Vitamin A: 1358.5IU | Vitamin C: 49mg | Calcium: 50.2mg | Iron: 1.7mg
jollof
Top angle jollof rice in pot
Jollof a dish made with rice tomatoes bell peppers scotch bonnet peppers and other ingredients

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If you make this recipe, I’d love to see pictures of your creations on Instagram and Facebook.#cheflolaskitchen

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Jollof Rice
Recipe Rating




Mary-Ellen

Tuesday 7th of February 2023

Hello, I was surprised that you called for 6 cups of rice and only 4 cups of broth, and to let it simmer for only 30 minutes. However I did what you said. The rice is very hard and uncooked, even though I added plenty of hot water throughout the cooking process when I saw there was not enough liquid to cook the rice. Do you have any suggestions on how to save my rice? I have so much now, and it's all hard. The flavour is good but texture of the rice is very unpleasant.

Ron

Thursday 5th of January 2023

Hello,

The chicken in this image (https://cheflolaskitchen.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Jollof-Rice-15-427x640.jpg). Do you have a recipe for it? If so would you be able to provide a link?

Thank you.

Lola Osinkolu

Thursday 5th of January 2023

Yes, Ron, I used spatchcock chicken. I have the recipe here: https://cheflolaskitchen.com/easy-spatchcock-chicken-recipe/

Dano

Thursday 29th of December 2022

Trying this recipe once more... Only using 2 cups of rice this time. I am determined to make this because I know it is going to be yummy!

Lola Osinkolu

Thursday 29th of December 2022

Please let me know how well it turns out for you.

Dano

Thursday 29th of December 2022

I am all done with this recipe and I am having to throw it out because the rice is crispy. I did 6 cups of stock in the rice and let it cook for 30 minutes... This was smelling so great! Can't believe the rice is this hard and crispy! I am so hungry too... Starting all the way over and I will only use 2 cups of rice.

Lola Osinkolu

Thursday 29th of December 2022

Sorry about that Dano. Did you reduce the heat after allowing the rice to boil for a few minutes? Cooking on high heat will cause the rice to burn before it softens. Please let me know how else I can be of help.

Dano

Thursday 29th of December 2022

I am making this right now! I had the recipe on the left side of my screen and your video on the right... One thing that kept messing me up is that your video on this recipe does not match the recipe. I did follow the actual recipe and took hints from the video. I did not make the beef and that part was not in the written up the recipe. I just wanted to share that part but my home also smells delicious and I can't wait to share this new rice with my family today! I will share more feedback once we eat it! Thank you for this recipe! I have been searching trying to find the best Jollof rice recipe to make and yours was the one I decided to go with.

Lola Osinkolu

Thursday 29th of December 2022

My apologies Dano. The video is for another method of cooking jollof rice using another type of rice (basmati). I have removed it to avoid any further confusion.